Age-old crafts become next generation technology tools

This is a post from the weareoca.com archive. Information contained within it may now be out of date.

 

workshop image (1)I have recently returned from a packed, 5 day eTextiles Summer Camp hosted by the Palliard Centre d’Art Contemporain & Residence d’Artists, France and organised by eTextile practitioners, Mika Satomi and Hannah Perner-Wilson from Kobakant studio, Berlin (www.kobakant.at).Twenty-four participants from around the world came together in order to skill share though hands-on workshops, discuss and create new work through group projects. IMG_2410
eTextiles, otherwise known as electronic textiles as they incorporate malleable, electronic or digital components for example, conductive or colour-changing fibres. Over the last two decades there has been steady development within this field, particularly the latter. With increasing availability of new materials and advanced technologies there has been widespread activity within the design, artistic and engineering communities. Tree loomThis event was a unique opportunity for like-minded practitioners from these communities to come and work together. Each of us contributed samples in order to compile unique e-Textile Swatch Books which included: beaded tilt sensors; conductive bobbin-lace; light-emitting diode(LED) felt; interactive textile games; heat-activated, colour-change fabric; even a knitted breadboard! (A breadboard is a prototyping electronics base).

The theme for the Camp was ‘Soft and Slow Electronics’ as most of us used time-consuming processes such as weaving, embroidery, lace, paper-making and printing to incorporate soft electronics. The organisers were keen to promote the positive value of ‘slow’, practice-based methods which seemed appropriate given the growing popularity of many Slow Movements within today’s society. Perhaps I should join OCA tutor, Lisa Bloomer as a member of the Slow Textiles Group?
There were many workshops to fuel the imagination – Batik and copper fabric etching; Lacemaking with conductive thread; Screen printing with thermochromic ink; and, Building heat-controlling circuits. I teamed up with practitioner, Meg Grant (http://www.meggrant.com/flexiblecircuits.php) to run an experimental, optical fibre workshop which allowed the participants to create light-emitting and energy-harvesting textiles using LEDs and photodiodes.IMG_2371 I joined the Arduino programming workshop with expert instructor, Melissa Coleman. Arduino is promoted as ‘an electronics prototyping platform based on flexible, easy-to-use hardware and software’. It is the device which most artists and designers use. It can sense environmental changes for example and control lights or other switch devices. I use another type of microcontroller in my work.I knew nothing about using Arduino and thought this was a good opportunity to learn some basic skills. After a few attempts at putting together ‘code’ (with a fellow participant), we both finished the workshop feeling rather smug with ourselves having ‘made purple’ from a tri-coloured LED!Weaving at night
I also tried my hand at 3D printing – a machine which digitally prints (in layers) pretty much any three dimensional form. This has opened up a whole new area of design development opportunities. I focussed on creating flat, flexible materials trapping yarns between the layers. Others printed with materials to make textile sensors for example. Have a look at the company, Freedom of Creation, for an insight into their 3D printed products.
The group work was sparked by our journey of learning and e-textile discussions and was presented to the public on the last day. Innovative projects included a ‘magic e-Textile carpet’, ‘underwater eTextile hats’, a ‘live global eTextiles swatch book’ and an eTextile tree loom which I and five other budding enthusiasts worked on. Inspired by the centre’s previous existence as a paper mill and our immediate surroundings, we constructed interwoven hoop warps within a cluster of trees using paper yarn and optical fibres. We made (French knitted) multi-coloured, conductive weft threads and light-emitting paper shuttles integrating lit optical fibre so you could weave at night!The audience was invited to weave which allowed the tree loom to creatively evolve. Who knows where these ideas will take me next? Maybe you have some of your own?

eTextile summer camp

3 Comments

  1. oliviairvine 16 August 2013 at 3:10 pm

    This all sounds fascinating. What are the implications and applications for the future? Do you think these wonderful textiles will make it to the High Street?

    Reply
  2. Sarah Taylor 21 August 2013 at 10:15 am

    There are already examples of commercial garments and products on the high street, mainly within fashion and accessories which use the same components – for example, stretch sensors (incorporated within a fabric to light LEDs in a skirt) or, textile switches (which will allow an iPod to be controlled).

    Incorporating these technology-based materials within traditional crafts is exciting because they offer a wonderful opportunity for creative exploration and practical use and not just within the craft sector of course. Given their historical and cultural significance, they also offer a perfect solution to introduce these advanced materials to a new audiences. In terms of future applications, the list is endless if you think of all the areas which use or incorporate textiles. Being able to sense environment or temperature change for example has many applications for medical textiles and general well being, be it industrial textiles for hospitals or medical products for the home!

    Reply
  3. amgronberg 20 September 2013 at 2:57 pm

    I find these high-technological materials fascinating. I did read the whole article with your description of all the details of your summer camp and my mind started itching. I have also understood that there is a hub of knowledge in Boras at the Textilhoegskolan? I have had some ideas of using magnetic technology but know nothing about potential materials to use, printing dyes etc? Magnetic stuff might be somewhat doubtful to use for clothes as magnetic fields do have some effects on your body cells. Do you know Sarah what resources are available? Could be used for changeable decorations on wallhanings,or on ither products.

    Will level 2 Textiles open up for the learning about the new technological fabrics? I did some research on light emitting fibres in “Reveal and Conceal” assignment in “Exploring ideas” in Textiles level one. It seemed difficult to get supplies of these modern materials — for these fairly small and short episodes of assignments.

    Reply

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